By The World Bank
Following the intense financial difficulty in 2001 02, Argentina mobilized an exceptional attempt to supply source of revenue help to the section of the inhabitants so much in want. Now, as progress has lower back and social symptoms recovered to precrisis degrees, there's a gap to maneuver from emergency help courses to a extra entire, long term, and sustainable approach for social security. The problem is to layout and completely enforce a social security procedure that has sufficient assurance and merits and is built-in and fiscally and politically sustainable. The research contained during this booklet aimed to give a contribution to and tell the talk in regards to the way forward for source of revenue aid regulations in Argentina, taking the perspectives, values, and personal tastes of the stakeholders and the inhabitants as beginning issues. The study incorporated cutting edge efforts to gather and comprehend the panorama of principles concerning suggestions for social defense circulating in Argentina: first, an in depth set of consultations with coverage makers and practitioners in social coverage, customarily on the provincial point; and moment, a countrywide, consultant opinion survey at the perspectives and perceptions of the inhabitants concerning social coverage and source of revenue aid courses specifically.
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Additional resources for Argentina: Income Support Policies Toward the Bicentennial (World Bank Country Study)
Whereas pensions are the most effective programs in terms of poverty reduction, family allowances are most efficient among the existing income transfer programs. 13 shows that, without pensions, poverty rates would be 10 percentage points higher than their current levels. Similarly, family allowances would reduce the headcount ratio about 2 percentage points, and together, Jefes, Familias, and Seguro would reduce the poverty rate about 1 percentage point. Nevertheless, the pension program is six times larger than family allowances.
Coverage of unemployment insurance is negligible. The factors that explain the different trends in coverage of family allowances are quite different from those behind the trends in the social assistance programs. While the percentage of poor households receiving family allowances declined, the same indicator increased for nonpoor households. In the case of Jefes, Familias, and Seguro, the aggregate coverage rate went down when poor households left Jefes. In other words, the percentage of poor families that do not participate in Jefes, Familias, and Seguro is increasing because of the combination of poverty transitions and closed entrance to the social assistance programs.
First, because the social assistance programs—Jefes, Seguro, and Familias—are all closed to new entrants, the share of the poor left out of the programs is growing relative to the share receiving the benefits. Second, the radical scaling up of pension provided large transfers to parts of the population not at the bottom of the income distribution. 14. Number of Income Transfers Received by Households—Total and First Quintile, 1997–2007 1st quintile All households 100 75 50 25 0 1997 2001 Gap 2003 2005 2007 Coverage 1997 2001 2003 2005 Overlap Source: World Bank staff calculations, based on EPH-INDEC.
Argentina: Income Support Policies Toward the Bicentennial (World Bank Country Study) by The World Bank