Download e-book for iPad: Anti-Individualism and Knowledge (Contemporary Philosophical by Jessica Brown

By Jessica Brown

ISBN-10: 0262025582

ISBN-13: 9780262025584

ISBN-10: 026252421X

ISBN-13: 9780262524216

ISBN-10: 1417560312

ISBN-13: 9781417560318

Modern philosophy of brain is ruled through anti- individualism, which holds subject's innovations are decided not just via what's inside of her head but additionally by means of facets of her atmosphere. regardless of its dominance, anti-individualism is topic to a frightening array of epistemological objections: that it truly is incompatible with the privileged entry each one topic has to her recommendations, that it undermines rationality, and, absurdly, that it offers a brand new path to a priori wisdom of the realm. during this rigorous and persuasive examine, Jessica Brown defends anti- individualism from those epistemological objections. The dialogue has vital outcomes for key epistemological matters akin to skepticism, closure, transmission, and the character of information and warrant.According to Brown's research, one major explanation for pondering that anti-individualism is incompatible with privileged entry is that it undermines a subject's introspective skill to distinguish sorts of ideas. So clinically determined, the normal specialize in a subject's reliability approximately her options presents no sufficient answer. Brown defuses the objection by means of entice the epistemological concept of a appropriate substitute. additional, she argues that, given a formal realizing of rationality, anti- individualism is appropriate with the suggestion that we're rational matters. despite the fact that, the dialogue of rationality offers a brand new argument that anti-individualism is in pressure with Fregean feel. eventually, Brown exhibits that anti-individualism doesn't create a brand new path to a priori wisdom of the realm. whereas rejecting suggestions that limit the transmission of warrant, she argues that anti-individualists may still deny that we've got the kind of wisdom that will be required to take advantage of a priori wisdom of notion content material to realize a priori wisdom of the global.

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Extra info for Anti-Individualism and Knowledge (Contemporary Philosophical Monographs)

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7 A Priori and Empirical In the rest of the book I consider the epistemic consequences of anti-individualism and, in particular, its consequences for a priori knowledge. It may be useful to explain my use of “a priori” here. The distinction between a priori and empirical truths is an epistemic distinction between the ways in which they can be known. A priori propositions are those that can be known independently of perceptual experience. They include mathematical and logical truths as well as certain definitional truths, such as the propositions that bachelors are unmarried and that red is a color.

This distinctive way of gaining knowledge seems available for a wide range of propositional attitudes. , that 1 + 1 = 2), and so on. , that I will go shopping later on). Admittedly, knowledge of one’s own propositional attitudes is not always so easy, for example, when an attitude is unconscious or in cases of self-deception. Here a subject may need to use empirical evidence from other people or about her behavior in order to come to know that she has a certain propositional attitude. ) that she believes that her husband is having an affair, though she herself might be unaware of this and might even deny it to herself.

We will return to the issue of the relevance of such alternative situations in chapter 4. But, for now, I will follow compatibilists in holding that, for some subjects, such alternative situations are relevant. , Burge 1988; Heil 1988; Falvey and Owens 1994; Gibbons 1996). They argue that even the subject who is switched between Earth and Twin Earth does not make a mistake about what she thinks. First, a subject’s environment individuates not only her first-order thoughts, but also her second-order thoughts, her thoughts about her thoughts.

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Anti-Individualism and Knowledge (Contemporary Philosophical Monographs) by Jessica Brown

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