By Chouraqui, Frank; Merleau-Ponty, Maurice; Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm
This article seeks to make contributions to the historical past of recent philosophy by means of developing a structural hyperlink among the strategies of Friedrich Nietzsche and Maurice Merleau-Ponty. it truly is meant as a scientific exposition of either philosopher's key ideas, in addition to an inquiry at the origins of so-called continental philosophy.
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Extra resources for Ambiguity and the absolute : Nietzsche and Merleau-Ponty on the question of truth
Indeed, in accordance with Nietzsche, Merleau-Ponty claims that if Being is indeed deﬁned as phenomenality, it must be neither in-itself nor for-itself. Being cannot be constituted from the point of view of the subject or of the object because it is anterior to them. In Chapter I examine what such a conception of Being implies. Like Nietzsche, Merleau-Ponty conceives of Being as essentially selfdiﬀerentiated—that is to say, incomplete. However, this incompleteness is not a failure of Being, it is positive incompleteness.
It is a distortion of the true ground of experience insofar as it presents itself as objectively structured and divided into in-itself and for-itself. As a phenomenologist, however, he aﬃrms that there is nothing else than this very ground of experience. It would follow from this, it seems, that the very distortion is grounded in this world of experience. If we want to truly know the world of experience, then we must get this distortion to uncover for us the unsuspected feature of the phenomenal world that constitutes its ground.
He ﬁnds this method in what he calls the “incorporation of truth” (Chapter ). Like Merleau-Ponty’s idea of the phenomenological reduction (Chapter ), the incorporation of truth is intended as a means of obtaining direct knowledge of the ground of truth and to undo our belief in sedimented objects. indb 19 ■ 10/15/13 8:03:05 AM Finally, both Merleau-Ponty and Nietzsche recognize in this ground the ground of Being, and, consequently, they both include its characteristics within the characteristics of Being.
Ambiguity and the absolute : Nietzsche and Merleau-Ponty on the question of truth by Chouraqui, Frank; Merleau-Ponty, Maurice; Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm