By Eileen Stillwaggon
AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty combines the insights of economics and biology to give an explanation for the unfold of HIV/AIDS and carry a telling critique of AIDS coverage. Drawing on a wealth of clinical proof, Stillwaggon demonstrates that HIV/AIDS can't be stopped with out knowing the ecology of poverty. Her message is positive, with pragmatic suggestions to the illnesses that advertise the unfold of HIV/AIDS.
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AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty combines the insights of economics and biology to give an explanation for the unfold of HIV/AIDS and carry a telling critique of AIDS coverage. Drawing on a wealth of clinical proof, Stillwaggon demonstrates that HIV/AIDS can't be stopped with no realizing the ecology of poverty.
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Extra info for AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty
It is a paradigm, in Kuhn’s (1970) sense, because it determines what questions can be asked and what solutions can be sought regarding HIV/AIDS. HIV transmission has been much faster in societies where there are high levels of unprotected sexual interaction with prostitutes, who have very many sexual partners, than in societies where the majority of people have few or moderate numbers of partners in their lifetime. ] In contrast to Americans, who usually view sex morally and think that people who have multiple partners (even if unmarried) are immoral and unfaithful, most Africans do not judge sexual behavior in such terms at all.
This suggests that children who survive malaria in infancy are likely to be the ones who have higher loads of other parasites. They will face more frequent relapses of (albeit milder) malaria and reduced immune response to subsequent infections, including HIV. As is the case for other nutrients, deﬁciency of zinc interacts with parasite infection. Parasites are better able to survive in zinc-deﬁcient hosts. The gastrointestinal tract is an important part of the immune system, and because it contains the largest number of lymphocytes outside the thymus, it is the ﬁrst line of defense against harmful elements ingested in food, water, or otherwise.
Vitamin-A deﬁciency reduces the number of NK cells, diminishing nonspeciﬁc, or natural, defense mechanisms against antigens. Vitamin A also is required for the production of T cells, or speciﬁc defenses (Semba, 1998). The role of vitamin A in the promotion of physical barriers to infection is signiﬁcant for the discussion in this book. The skin and the mucous membranes provide the most basic protection from infection by preventing or impeding the entry of pathogens, and “Vitamin A deﬁciency compromises mucosal immunity by altering the integrity of mucosal epithelia, in- Biological Synergies and Disease cluding those of the eye as well as the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary tracts” (Semba, 1998, S39).
AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty by Eileen Stillwaggon