Read e-book online Agnotology: The Making and Unmaking of Ignorance PDF

By Robert N. Proctor

ISBN-10: 080475652X

ISBN-13: 9780804756525

ISBN-10: 9780804757

ISBN-13: 9789780804756

What do not we all know, and why do not we all know it? What retains lack of awareness alive, or permits it for use as a political tool? Agnotology—the research of ignorance—provides a brand new theoretical standpoint to expand conventional questions about ''how we know'' to invite: Why do not we all know what we do not understand? The essays assembled in Agnotology exhibit that lack of awareness is usually greater than simply a scarcity of data; it could possibly even be the end result of cultural and political struggles. lack of information has a heritage and a political geography, yet there also are issues humans don't need you to grasp (''Doubt is our product'' is the tobacco slogan). person chapters deal with examples from the nation-states of world weather swap, army secrecy, girl orgasm, environmental denialism, local American paleontology, theoretical archaeology, racial lack of knowledge, and extra. The aim of this quantity is to higher know how and why a variety of varieties of understanding don't emerge as, or have disappeared, or became invisible.

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C o u r t o f C a l i f o r n i a for the C o u n t y o f L o s A n g e l e s , 117-125. , Superior Case N o . BC 226593, Transcript of Proceedings, vol. 3 1 A , 5262. 28. T h e words "deceive," "misleading," "fraud," and cognates appear 4 5 4 times with reference to t o b a c c o industry actions in J u d g e G l a d y s Kessler's " F i n a l O p i n i o n " in U S A v. Philip M o r r i s e t al. ( A u g u s t 1 8 , 2 0 0 6 ) , online a t h t t p : / / w w w . t o b a c c o l a w c e n t e r .

Conjectures and Refutations (1963) that something hasn't happened are always interesting to me, because as we know, there are known knowns; there are things we know we know. We also know there are known unknowns; that is to say we know there are some things we do not know. But there are also unknown unknowns—the ones we don't know we don't know. And if one looks throughout the history of our country and other free countries, it is the latter category that tend to be the difficult ones. D o n a l d H.

At 5 precisely this m o m e n t of efficacy it m o r p h s into Restricted D a t a ; as clas­ sifier A r v i n Quist puts it in a d o c u m e n t addressed to his fellow guardians of the faith, the separation t e c h n o l o g y becomes "classified only w h e n it reaches ' a d o l e s c e n c e . ' " 6 In 1 9 9 5 , the N a t i o n a l Research C o u n c i l w o r k i n g w i t h the D e p a r t m e n t of Energy ( D O E ) estimated that the D O E ' s born and adolescent classified documents numbered some 280 million p a g e s — a n a m o u n t that w o u l d take its current complement of reviewers 9,000 years to review—if, against reality, not a line of n e w material were a d d e d .

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Agnotology: The Making and Unmaking of Ignorance by Robert N. Proctor

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